The course explores how the science of the economy analyses the role of labour. The course follows the perspective of Political Economy (that is of the social understanding of the economy). At the same time, it juxtaposes the political-economic perspective with that of Economics (that adopt a methodologically individualist view of the economy). With the completion of the course postgraduate students are expected to be able to comprehend the fundamental hypotheses and arguments of the different traditions within the science of the economy as well as the concomitant interventions and policies concerning labour. Within this framework, students will be acquainted with the basic tools and methods employed by the economic analysis in the study of labour issues and in the formation and implementation of relevant policies.